No fuel taxes or Macron's head: What do the 'yellow vests' actually want?

The 'yellow vests' movement might have been sparked in response to the rising cost of diesel and gas in France but as time has gone on the demands and ambitions of the protest movement have grown to encompass much more than the price of fuel. Here's a look at their demands.
The 'yellow vests' have published a list of demands on social media, revealing once and for all that their grievances are far bigger and more complex than the rising cost of fuel.
The list, which was sent to Environment Minister Francois de Rugy, was created based on a survey posted on various 'yellow vest' groups online, with around 30,000 people believed to have taken part. 
The two main demands are to reduce all taxes and to create a "citizens' assembly".
But already it looks like they might struggle to secure at least one of these. 
In a speech on Tuesday, French President Emmanuel Macron showed that while he was willing to make minor concessions on fuel taxes, he wasn't willing to capitulate entirely. 
The president made it clear that the hike in fuel taxes on diesel and petrol that will come into force in January, will not be scrapped but they could be reduced when there are spikes in the price of petrol.
"What I've taken from these last few days is that we shouldn't change course because it is the right one and necessary," he said. 
Meanwhile, their other demands challenge how the French government systems works, inequality and financial vulnerability. 
'Yellow vests': 80 percent of French people consider Macron's measures 'insufficient'Photo: AFP
Transport and the environment
These included reducing the the ecological tax (known as the TICPE), which makes up the largest share of the price of a litre of fuel, scrapping the bill to ban non-road diesel which is used by farmers and scrapping the ban on the glyphosate weedkiller which is suspected to be carcinogenic. 
They have also demanded a complete abandonment of the plan to replace people's petrol cars with more environmentally-friendly electric cars, which are seen by many as too costly, and an end to the marketing of biofuels. 
Institutional reforms
Meanwhile, some of their demands covered institutional reforms. 
These included consulting the French people more frequently on policies, for example by holding national and local referendums, suppression of the French Senate, whose members are indirectly elected by elected officials.
In a similar vein, they also ask that blank votes are counted in elections and that French laws should be put forward by the citizens themselves. 
Regarding employment and businesses, the 'yellow vests' are demanding a decrease in payroll taxes for employers (cotisations sociales), and increased public financial aid for permanent hiring on fixed-term contracts as well as for apprenticeship contracts. 
This includes hiring people with reduced mobility. 
'We won't cut fuel taxes': Macron responds to 'yellow vest' demands
Photo: AFP
They would also like to see an increase in the minimum wage, known as the SMIC in France, which currently sits at €7.83 an hour, as well as an increase in the household allowance. 
The 'yellow vests' would also like to see help for people to return to employment and training to help people change careers and they would like gender equality to be respected, with employees with the same qualifications and positions to be paid the same wage whether or not they are male or female. 
Fight against vulnerability
Some of the demands of the gilets jaunes were concerned with protecting people against falling into a financially vulnerable situation. 
Among these were increasing pensions and an end to special retirement plans which are awarded to employees of some government-owned corporations.
On a similar note, they want retirement to be calculated in the same way for everyone.     
They'd also like to see a reassessment of France's personal housing allowance (APL) and an increase in financial assistance for housing, transport and cultural activities for students.
Photo: AFP
Public spending
When it comes to public spending, the 'yellow vests' have some firm ideas about how to adapt it. 
They want to see a significant reduction in the salaries of members of the government, as well as the abolition of certain privileges, such as allowances, and for expenses claimed by elected officials to be controlled. 
Education, culture and health
They'd like people with disabilities to be included in all areas of society and for everybody to have access to culture.
And they want an end to article 80, a controversial measure which private ambulance companies worry will threaten their jobs, as hospitals are now under the obligation to put out calls for tender for transport contracts.
What the 'yellow vests' say (according to their eponymous clothing)
Often one of the easiest ways to understand what a protest movement wants is by looking at the slogans on their clothing. 
In the photo below, a man wears a vest, saying "Macron, resign. Stop the carnage. The people decide, not you". 
Photo: AFP
The man's sign in the image below reads: "Macron killed me, Grandpa is warming himself by candlelight."
Photo: AFP
"This is too much," reads the gilet jaune below. 
Photo: AFP
'Yellow vest' protesters wearing jackets reading "enough taxes" and "angry worker, stop taxes".
Photo: AFP