How police plan to prevent the Champs-Élysées becoming 'a war zone' again

French authorities are to bar traffic from the Champs-Elysees in Paris on Saturday and allow in pedestrians only after strict ID checks in an effort to prevent a repeat of last week's violence that left the famous avenue looking like a war zone.
Interior Minister Christophe Castaner announced the measures on Thursday in an interview with state television. 
 
He said all access to the Champs-Elysees would be "very tight", with bag searches and systematic requests for identity papers from anybody trying to enter. 
   
Extra police would be on hand and in case of "provocations... we will make arrests and will deliver them to justice," he said.
   
Police sources told AFP that up to 5,000 officers could be mobilised in the operation.
 
The unusual measures come after the luxury shopping avenue was the scene last weekend of an unauthorised protest by demonstrators angry at high fuel taxes and government policies which turned violent, with makeshift roadblocks thrown up and set on fire. Other protests took place across the country.
    'Yellow vests': 80 percent of French people consider Macron's measures 'insufficient'
    Photo: AFP
       
    The protest movement is called the "yellow vests" after the high-visibility jackets the demonstrators wear -- a required safety garment that has to be carried in cars in France. It started two weeks ago, snowballing from grievances voiced in less-well-off rural and non-urban areas.
       
    Much of the movement's anger is directed at President Emmanuel Macron, who is broadly unpopular and seen as arrogant as he tries to bring about economic reforms that so far have had no effect in boosting citizens' spending power.
       
    Macron has vowed to forge on with his policies, saying they were "necessary" to improve France's pro-environmental shift -- though he insisted repeatedly he had heard the protesters' anger.
       
    Castaner has sought to portray the "yellow vest" movement as directed by hard-right and hard-left political groups. In his TV interview, he spoke again of "the ultra-left and ultra-right" intent on violence.
       
    But the protesters themselves reject any political affiliation and say their grievances are grassroot and genuine.
       
    An online petition launched by one of their members in Paris calling for fuel taxes to be cut received over a million signatures by Thursday, making it one of top two most popular in France on the change.org website.

    High schools are blocked this Friday by students who wish to graft the movement of yellow vests.

    At the call of the National Union High School (UNL), high school students have decided to join the movement of yellow vests , this Friday. In the whole of France, about thirty establishments were disturbed at the end of the morning, of police source. 2,600 participants were identified. If the fuel tax is not their primary concern, high school students want to denounce "the ultraliberal policy carried by the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, in contempt of the citizens."
    In bulk, the union denounces the rise of the CSG, the reform of the SNCF, and, closer to them, the deletion of posts in secondary education and reform of the professional path. It also draws red balls on the future National Service with its budget of three billion euros while "it is rejected by all the organizations of French youth".
    Since this Friday morning, several institutions are blocked as in Poitiers (Vienne), Rennes (Ille-et-Vilaine), Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhone) ... High school students of Salins-les-Bains , in the Jura, are they are on strike. In Paris , seven institutions were the subject of filter dams (which let pass students and teachers) in the morning, said the rectorate, which did not report an incident. In Burgundy , some 200 to 250 high school students in Cosne-sur-Loire (Nièvre), a hundred students in Tournus (Saone-et-Loire) or Avallon (Yonne), gathered, sometimes partially blocking access at their high school, according to the police.
    For its part, Bréquiny high school, in Rennes (Ille-et-Vilaine), is blocked by forty students who have placed barriers or chains at the entrance of the institution. Ditto in Orléans (Loiret), where a hundred high school students gathered in front of the Lycée Jean-Zay to denounce the reform of the baccalaureate and Parcoursup, the platform of orientation towards higher education. In Limoges(Haute-Vienne), high school students found themselves in front of the prefecture. In the Hauts-de-Seine , five establishments are also blocked . In Dijon (Côte-d'Or), some forty young people donned yellow vests and settled for a time at a roundabout, the police said.
    In Seine-et-Marne , about 150 high school students from Meaux , went to various establishments of the city by walking on the roadway. "30% of those who protest are concerned. The others are to fuck shit! "Testified one of them.
    At La Seyne-sur-Mer (Var), the situation degenerated at Lycée Langevin. CRS used tear gas canisters to deal with high school students throwing projectiles.
    Tensions also occurred in Chambéry (Savoie), reports France blue . Around 11 am, near the Lycée Monge, garbage cans were burned, signs were damaged and projectiles were thrown. A police vehicle has been degraded. The police dispersed the youths with tear gas.
    In Cagnes-sur-Mer , in the Alpes-Maritimes, "nearly 150 high school students from the Renoir and Escoffier establishments have invaded the A8," explains "Var-Matin" . Around 11 am, several accesses were cut.