SNCF, retirement, taxes: hot issues waiting for Macron during his interview

The head of state will attempt tonight, during an interview on BFMTV, to make pedagogy on the many reforms in progress and future. The Figaro takes stock.
"The fact that there are French sometimes not happy does not stop me". This sentence by Emmanuel Macron sets the tone. During his interview Thursday on TF1 , the President of the Republic repeated that he intended to carry out all the reforms on which he had committed. Interviewed tonight on BFMTV for 2 hours, he will try again to do pedagogy in a context of social discontent. On the economic side, several "hot" topics should be addressed. Review.

• The anger of the railwaymen

The anger of the railway unions does not seem to fall again, even if the mobilization of Friday and Saturday was weaker than during the second episode of the bumpy strike. Thursday, Emmanuel Macron has already announced that he intended to "go to the end" of the railway reform . The latter will be the subject of a solemn vote in first reading in the National Assembly on Tuesday. The unions fear in particular the consequences of opening to competition , the end of the railway status for new hires and the future of the colossal debt of the SNCFSo many topics on which Emmanuel Macron will try to provide clarification. In the meantime, the unions CGT, Unsa and CFDT still call to strike two days out of five. Users and businesses, who have already faced this unprecedented mobilization three times since the beginning of April, will suffer again this Wednesday and Thursday. SUD-Rail has filed a notice for an indefinite strike. The Inter demands "the end of the current legislative process" and "the opening of deep negotiations". "The railway workers are determined" to lead this "fair fight, public interest and public interest," said Sunday the CGT Secretary General, Philippe Martinez, at the Grand Jury RTL-Le Figaro-LCI. A new poll released just hours from the interview54% of French people think that the strike at the SNCF is "not justified" .

• Tensions in the public service

Grumbling goes up in the ranks of the officials. They denounce a drop in their purchasing power, via the freezing of the index point used to calculate the remuneration, the restoration of the waiting day, or the one-year postponement of the Career Adjustment Plan (PPCR). In the viewfinder more generally: the reform called "Public Action 2022" which provides for the removal of 120,000 positions of officials by the end of the five-year period. The executive also wants to reduce the number of staff representative bodies to 22,000. The nine public service unions, which met Olivier Dussopt, the Secretary of State for the Minister of Action and Public Accounts, to deal with the first project of the reform, came out disappointed. They denounced a method of dialogue "without dialogue" on the part of the government. Eight of them, already at the origin ofthe national demonstration of civil servants on March 22 , called for a new day of mobilization on May 22 .
Regarding hospital staff, who denounces increasingly untenable working conditions , Emmanuel Macron has already pledged more resources and announcements to this effect in the summer. He also promises to be "at the rendezvous" for the Ehpad .

• The discontent of pensioners

Emmanuel Macron could again be led to explain his controversial decision to apply the increase in the CSG pensioners. Highly disputed by the latter, this choice is perfectly assumed by the Head of State. "Your generation is at the same age as your parents but you are going to live ten, fifteen years more. And today, with unemployment, we have millions of people who do not participate [to pay] your retirement, "he told them Thursday, while thanking them for their" effort ". The head of state should again recall that 60% of pensioners are affected by the increase in the CSG which will be offset by the abolition of the housing tax.
More generally, the President of the Republic could be questioned about his future pension reform. The latter intends to standardize the plans. A real Pandora's box ... The bill is planned for the summer of 2019, but the project, led by Jean-Paul Delevoye, is already underway. It promises to be explosive.

• Growth and unemployment

Emmanuel Macron could have to do pedagogy on the growth and its fallout. His government is indeed benefiting from a clear economic upturn, with growth returning to 2% in 2017- instead of the 1.5% expected- and declining unemployment , which has led to a reduction of the public deficit higher than expected. In 2017, for the first time in ten years, France returned below 3% of government deficit GDP, at 2.6% . Figures that should improve further according to the latest forecasts of Bercy .
Can the French benefit from the fruits of this growth in the form of lower taxes? The question could be put again to the President of the Republic. But like its ministers, it should again insist on the need not to redistribute public money as soon as the situation improves but rather to maintain the course of deficit reduction. However, Emmanuel Macron should recall that the government intends to promote, through the Pact Act , incentives and participation in companies. On Thursday, he announced that incentive bonuses in SMEs will soon be exempted from payroll taxes . "Everyone, when it's better, should be able to enjoy it," he said.
The president should also take the opportunity to defend his reform of vocational training , apprenticeship and unemployment insurance , which opens the latter to resigning employees and self-employed, strengthens the control of the unemployed and introduces a plan of 15 billion euros. euros for training .

• Tax at source

Regarding taxes, Emmanuel Macron could be led to explain his decision to remove the housing tax for 100% of the population and no longer 80% as originally planned in its program, and its consequences for the common .
He could also take the opportunity to come back to the income tax campaign that has just been launched and especially his choice to maintain the implementation of the withholding tax in January 2019 .